Internet + machine change textile machinery industry still have to cross a few threshold
With the domestic labor costs rising, the textile industry and other relatively intensive human development of traditional industries face challenges, need to find a sustainable development path. Industrial robots for the textile industry undoubtedly reduce production costs, improve production efficiency and quality from the traditional mass production to more customers to meet the individual needs of small-volume production and single production provides a new possibility.
Machine substitutions Chengda trend
Industrial robot industry quickly became popular, mainly due to the traditional labor intensity of labor there is a large recruitment difficulties, labor costs and other issues, and emerging information industry because of the labor requirements of the fine is difficult to recruit people. Traditional manufacturing industry and emerging industry which produced a huge market demand for industrial robots, with industrial robots instead of artificial will be the development trend of China's manufacturing industry. At the same time, a number of information technology enterprises, such as Google, Intel and Microsoft, aiming at market opportunities, quietly laying out the field of R & D and application of robotics, integrating the robot industry with large data, Internet of things, artificial intelligence and many other advanced technologies. As part of a number of intelligent service platform.
Industrial robot is a set of mechanical, electronic, control, computer, sensor, artificial intelligence and other advanced technology in one of the interdisciplinary high-end manufacturing important intelligent equipment. Robot industry research experts, Dongguan City, Robot Technology Association, vice president of Luo Baihui analysis, large-scale application of robots instead of artificial areas are divided into three situations: First, the higher accuracy of the industry, with robots can greatly improve production efficiency, Reduce the defect rate; Second, the work environment harmful to the health of workers and the work environment is poor, labor-intensive industries, robots can replace the manual to do harm to personal health, repetition and intensity of the larger work; , The use of robots can reduce labor costs. The use of industrial robots in many production areas has proved that it plays an irreplaceable role in raising the level of production automation, improving labor productivity, improving product quality and economic benefits, and improving the working conditions of workers.
Over the past five years, the domestic robot sales growth rate of 28%. The rapid increase of domestic robotic applications also shows that China's manufacturing system is undergoing transformation and upgrading process, from a single species for mass production of rigid automation to more varieties of small quantities of flexible automation, multi-variety variable batches of integrated automation direction .
The textile industry has a robot application foundation
Despite the rapid growth, but China's industrial robot application level is still low. Industrial robots in the domestic application, automobile manufacturing industry is the first to try and popularity. Standard industrial assembly line work is stable, very suitable for robot automation. With the evolution of technology, the learning ability of industrial robots is also enhanced, the new production model for adaptation is also very fast, to a certain extent, can also save the cost of enterprise training for staff.
At present in the textile production, the industrial robot application already had the certain foundation. Cotton textile production with multi-process, continuous features, specialized division of labor and professional cooperation is higher. Over the years, the cotton industry in all processes to improve the automation of machinery and equipment, intelligent level, to achieve continuous between different processes, automated production. Among them, the automatic winder system is the cotton industry, the most widely used and most effective technology, is the coordination of human and robot production assembly system, the successful application. At the same time, the cotton spinning industry in different processes automatically change the volume, change tube, doffing, cleaning, self-leveling, information monitoring, automatic processing of waste cotton packing, air conditioning, automatic control and control, around improving quality, control costs, improve labor productivity, Application automation, intelligent technology. For example, Tongling Songbao Machinery Co., Ltd. and other enterprises in recent years, research and development of intelligent doffing machine, doffing robots, can replace the traditional manual pull, insert tube work to achieve the entire doffing process automation, greatly reducing the labor Strength, improve work efficiency and reduce production costs.
Complete sets of chemical fiber production line has been achieved in the digital, automated, based on the automatic production processes and the integration of intelligent logistics systems, is to promote further intelligent production of chemical fiber. Sheng Hong Technology Co., Ltd. and Beijing Institute of Machinery Industry Automation, construction and implementation of the chemical production of intelligent logistics system. The system is mainly composed of robot, chain conveyor, turntable, elevator and other equipment, in addition to the realization of wire from the Drainage, transportation, storage, inspection classification, packaging to the palletizing fully automated, but also intelligent identification of products , Each wire volume in the inspection process of packaging all the transmission through the identification of three-dimensional code to carry out, accurate and efficient.
In the field of knitting, Ci-Star Corporation introduced the world's first automatic stitching machine. The product not only greatly reduces the traditional sweater suture eye strength, high labor costs, but also to enhance the efficiency of suture, knitted sweaters to solve the problem for many years after the suture problem.
In the field of printing and dyeing, Shandong Kangping Na Group developed the cheese automatic digital dyeing complete sets of technology and equipment to achieve a manual by the mechanization of automation to a single automation and then to the transformation of the system to achieve the three major innovations in the reduction of labor, Quality, energy-saving emission reduction has a significant role. Shaoxing County Ruiqun Textile Machinery Technology Co., Ltd. research and development of printing and dyeing robot, one will be able to "care" of the entire production line, not only to complete the work of more than 10 workers live, and do live quality is guaranteed. Most of the traditional printing and dyeing enterprises in production with experience, each process to increase the number of raw materials by the "feeling", so the product quality is difficult to get a stable guarantee. The printing and dyeing robot can accurately control the number of feed, not only improve the accuracy, but also to avoid too much because of the feed material caused by waste of printing and dyeing, thus reducing the source of pollutant emissions.
For the future application of industrial robots in the textile industry, Luo Baihui believes that industrial robots will move in a more compact, cheaper, easier to operate the direction of development, which will also be more conducive to its application in the textile industry.
Widely used yet to cross a few threshold
Industrial robots in the domestic application prospects for the past two years has been a lot of attention. Data show that every 10,000 workers have about 30 robots, while Korea is 437 units, the United States is 152 units, the global average of 62 units. According to the plan, by 2020 China's this figure is expected to increase to 100 units. Industrial robotics applications are rapidly expanding from the automotive industry to other industrial sectors. And more professional industrial-grade robot because of practicality and demand point is very clear, the market prospects are more clear.
At present, despite the government and enterprises that "machine substitutions" is the future trend, but the cost is still hindering the application of industrial robots is a key factor. According to Luo Baihui, from the robot cost analysis, the body of the mechanical structure accounted for about 30%, more than 50% of the parts from the servo system and reducer and other key components, they determine the product performance, quality and price, is the robot The core link in the industry chain. But the three key components of a higher proportion of imports, affecting the price competitiveness of China's robot. Currently the world's robot industry, 75% of the precision reducer monopoly by Japanese companies, AC servo motor and controller is basically Japan, Germany, the United States monopoly. Therefore, the domestic manufacturing of industrial robots are now costly.
"Intelligent manufacturing technology development," second five "special plan" pointed out that to overcome the industrial robot body, the core components of the motor controller to achieve industrial robot and its core components of industrialization. Under the support of the national policy, China's industrial robot core components manufacturing capacity is expected to gradually increase. Goldman Sachs said that at this stage of China's industrial robots on average only need 1.3 years to recover the investment, and in 2008 you want to recover the investment will take 11.8 years.
Industrial robots in the textile production will also be more widely used. In the textile machinery and equipment to achieve digital, automated, based on the production process of automatic connection and intelligent logistics systems, information systems integration, is to promote further intelligent textile production. To spinning, for example, the future can continue to achieve the connection of equipment to reduce human intervention. At present, a small number of spinning enterprises have achieved the blowing-carding, the thickness of the joint, fine network, through the process of linking significantly reduce employment, if in-depth development of intelligent technology, the future is expected to build fewer people, or even unmanned Cotton plant or workshop.
Industry experts said that the smart logistics system involved in intelligent measurement and control technology and devices such as robots, automatic car, warehouse, PLC system, workshop management system MES, large-scale production logistics system integration, the domestic have a certain technical foundation, equipment Preparation and engineering experience, but reliability is relatively weak. In addition, some domestic packaging plane and foreign products there are gaps, the need to introduce. I believe that through the combination of production and research, upstream and downstream enterprise collaborative research, domestic enterprises have the ability to develop a practical set of equipment and systems engineering, and reached the international advanced level.
In the digital, networked, intelligent case, textile production can also be achieved from large-scale production methods, to follow the large-scale production mode but can produce small quantities of customized products into the process.
CiXing shares told reporters that the company is currently CiXing use of "Internet +" means to build "knitted sweaters rapid personalized custom production platform" project. The platform can really achieve the desired settings, that ordinary people just pick up the phone to start shooting, the photos will be sent to far the other end of the Internet factory, a few days later you can receive a tailored sweater .
With the automation of China's textile equipment, intelligent technology to a higher level of development, there will be more and more industrial robots into the textile production workshop, an effective alternative to increasingly tense labor, fundamentally solve the increasingly troubled business Of the labor shortage.